How to Write a Paper Abstract for a Research

paper abstract || homework help 101

What is a paper Abstract?

According to Scribbr, an abstract is a summary that reports the objectives and aims for your research paper. It comes before the beginning of your paper. An Abstract for a Research Paper is usually written after completion of writing your paper, but comes on a separate page at the beginning of your paper after the cover page.

The abstract includes study’s objectives, the research problem, the methods used within the research, the arguments developed, the results of the study, and what you concluded. Below the abstract, include the keywords in your research paper.

When a person reads your abstract, they should understand the components of your research paper without referring to the paper itself.

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How do you write a Paper Abstract?

Step 1: Create the layout for your abstract

The layout for your abstract should begin with defining your research purpose, then outlining your objectives, indicating the research methods, summarizing the results, stating the conclusions, and using keywords.

  1. Define your research purpose.

Ask yourself the following questions

  • How does your research respond to a theoretical framework or practical application?
    Here, you should give a brief context of the research
  • What is the academic relevance of your claims?

Give some background information on the topic

The above questions shall introduce the research problem to help you lay out a foundation for the aims of the research

  1. State the aims of your research

  • Here, you should explain how your analysis, investigation, evaluation, or test aims to accomplish.
  • The objectives should refer to the future, e.g., this study investigates the impact of immunizations on child mortality rates
  1. Indicate the research methods used within the study

  • State the number of interviews, experiments, or tests done and the sample size.
  • Give a brief description of the techniques and procedures to accomplish your research goals without necessarily including your study’s validity.
  1. Summarize your results

  • Here, you should give the reader a description of how your findings’ analysis shows specific correlations between the variables within your hypothesis. Your hypothesis is the proposed explanation based on your investigation.
  • Highlight the most significant findings so that the reader can understand the conclusions from the study
  1. The conclusion
  • State the conclusions from the study.
  • How does your research answer the research question and problem?
  • The audience should get a clear comprehension of the proofs within your study that answer the central point of your objectives.
  • You can also include suggestions or recommendations for further study within your research work
  1. Writing the keywords
    • You should write the keywords as the last part of the abstract, where you reference the most significant components of your study to help readers find your paper when they search for related content.

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Step 2: Writing the Abstract

  • Use precision and conciseness so that your words are brief but communicate the content o your research paper
  • Avoid vague words so that anyone unfamiliar with your topic can understand the concepts presented
  • Edit to the required length of 150 to 300 words
  • Discuss your work and not that of others
  • Never include citations within the abstract unless your research responds to particular studies
  • To have a logical flow, pick crucial points from your results, introduction, methods, and discussion sections
  • Make sure your abstract grabs the attention of the reader to make them look into your research paper

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Step 3: Formatting your Abstract

Different disciplines have a different format of abstracts

  1. Descriptive abstracts

Descriptive abstracts feature in social sciences and humanities. Here, you describe the findings and the subject of research without necessarily giving specific information about the methods and the results. Descriptive abstracts also exist in article reviews or proceedings from conferences.

  1. Scientific abstracts

Scientific abstracts structurally describe the background of the topic, the methods used, the findings, and the conclusion. You can use subheadings or omit subtopics.

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 Additional tips

  • Write an abstract after writing your research paper
  • Do not use abbreviations
  • Do not add new information that lacks within your research
  • Review your abstract to ensure that its content is coherent with information from the research paper
  • Ensure that your abstract follows the guidelines of the target instructor or journal

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